Wartime Gallantry awards
Param Vir Chakra (PVC)
• The award is India’s highest military decoration awarded for the highest degree of valour or self-sacrifice in the
presence of the enemy.
• The award was instituted on 26th January 1950 by the President of India, with effect from 15th August 1947.
• The medal has been awarded 21 times, 14 of which were posthumous awards (20 are from the Indian Army and
one from the Indian Air Force).
• Medal is a circular bronze disc 1.375 inches (3.49 cm) in diameter. The state emblem appears in the centre, on
a raised circle. Surrounding this, four replicas of Vajra. The rear end of the medal features at the plain centre,
are two legends separated by lotus flowers. The words Param Vir Chakra are written in Hindi and English.
• The Param Vir Chakra is held by a purple ribbon, 32 millimetres (1.3 in) in length. Name of the recipients Regiment
Major Somnath Sharma (1947) 4th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment Naik Jadu Nath Singh (1948) 1st Battalion, Rajput
Regiment Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane (1948) Bombay Sappers ,Corps of Engineers Company Havildar Major Piru Singh Shekhawat (1948) 6th Battalion, Rajputana Rifles Lance Naik Karam Singh (1948)
1st Battalion, Sikh Regiment Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria (1961) 3rd Battalion, 1st Gurkha Rifles
Major Dhan Singh Thapa (1962) 1st Battalion, 8th Gurkha Rifles Subedar Joginder Singh (1962)
1st Battalion, Sikh Regiment Major Shaitan Singh (1962) 13th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment
Company Quartermaster Havildar Abdul Hamid (1965) 4th Battalion, The Grenadiers Lieutenant-Colonel Ardeshir
Burzorji Tarapore (1965) 17th Poona Horse Lance Naik Albert Ekka (1971) 14th Battalion, Brigade of the
Guards Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon (1971) No. 18 Squadron Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal (1971)
17th Poona Horse Major Hoshiar Singh (1971) 3rd Battalion, The Grenadiers Naib Subedar Bana Singh
(1987) 8th Battalion, Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry Major Ramaswamy Parameshwaran (1987)
8th Battalion, Mahar Regiment Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey (1999) 1st Battalion, 11th Gorkha Rifles
Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav (1999) 18th Battalion, The Grenadiers Rifleman Sanjay Kumar
(1999) 13th Battalion, Jammu & Kashmir Rifles Captain Vikram Batra (1999) 13th Battalion, Jammu &
Maha Vir Chakra (MVC)
• It is the second highest military decoration in India and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence
of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.
• The medal is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. Embossed on the obverse is a five pointed heraldic
star with circular centre-piece bearing the gilded state emblem of India in the centre.
• The words “Mahavira Chakra” are imprinted in Devanagari and English on the reverse with two lotus
flowers in the middle. The decoration is worn on the leftchest with a half-white and half-orange ribbon about 3.2
cm in width, the orange being near the left shoulder.
• The Indian gallantry award is presented for acts of bravery in the battlefield.
• The award was established by the President of India on 26 January 1950 with effect from 15 August 1947.
• The medal is 1-3/8 inch circular silver medal. A five pointed star, with the chakra in the centre, and, on this,
the domed gilded state emblem. The decoration is almost always named and dated on the edge. Around a plain
centre, two legends separated by lotus flowers; above Vir Chakra in Hindi and in English. The ribbon is 32
mm, half dark blue and half orange-saffron. Dark blue 16 mm, saffron 16 mm.